Food in Mongolia

Originally by Young Mongols


Thank you to Aubrey Menarndt of 'Young Mongols'
for allowing to use their videos to help teach English.

What's Mongolian food like? These Young Mongols are venturing beyond traditional mutton and flour to bring new and fresh food to Ulaanbaatar. Featuring interviews with Enkhzaya of Rosewood Restaurant and The Butchery and Enkhbaatar Dorj of AYC, Mongolia's first juice bar.

Food in Mongolia

What do you think Mongolian is like?

For starters, the Mongolian barbecue you may have heard of is actually Taiwanese and has no connection to Mongolia. Maybe you've heard that Mongolians drink fermented mares milk. They sure do! It's called 'airag'. Traditional Mongolian food contains 2 staple ingredients: mutton and flour. Produce is harder to come by because of the country's harsh climate and remoteness.

And if you know someone who's been to Mongolia, perhaps you haven't heard the best things about its cuisine. These young Mongols are working to change that.

The restaurant scene in Mongolia is ever-changing. It changes very quickly and it changes a few times in a year. And what I mean by that is Mongolians are really not against change, they're for change. And they embrace it, at least in our industry.

So, if somebody's doing something different, you'll see everybody else doing the same thing in the next six months, which isn't a terrible thing. Now, you would think that it is copying somebody but that's how an industry evolves. Somebody brings in a new technique, new idea, a new plating, a new design, and then others copy.

I believe that your ingredients have to be amazing for you to make amazing food, on a consistent basis. Try to face a vendor and see how they're raising their animals and growing their food and what kind of transport system our food goes through it before it gets to us.

I think when we first got here in 2011, and started Rosewoods (Restaurant), you could only get it at the markets and it was all mostly Chinese vegetables that where coming in the trains and they were not good quality at all.

And so we've really made a push to get new products into Mongolia and we work with our vendors. And I'm happy to say over the last five years, we have pushed the vendors enough now that you can find, you can go into markets and you can get fresh mint and basil, and Brussels-sprouts, and you might not be aware they are actually a regular item at the markets and people are starting to use them.

They weren't available here, so what we ended up figuring out was we had to control the supply. And so ended up doing is we started to contact vendors and farmers that we could trust, that would work with us to create a new level in the meat supply industry. And so we opened The Butchery.

It was mostly meant to be a supply our restaurant with fresh meat but has evolved into something more than that. We have a regular guest base that come in and in shop for their home and household. And we have some restaurants they're interested in getting meat from us now.

What we're trying to do is traceable. We want to be able to tell you where the animal came from what it ate and how we cared for it and how we slaughtered it and it in a humane way. And we know how it was done.

Mongolia can't export most of its meat because it doesn't meet any standards. And at least with The Butchery, we're not making a huge dent but we hope that people see what we're doing and a light bulb goes off and there's other businesses that try to do it on a larger scale. Even if we don't do it, that's fine, but as long as somebody can take an example and say "oh wow, they're doing something different and this is really needed and people want it" and they see the demand and the end the need I think it will drive our industry further.

And for those of us more into vegetables than meat, Ulaanbaatar's newly opened AYC Juice Bar has partnered with local greenhouses to bring Mongolians produce and nutrients through freshly squeezed juice.

AYC Juice Bar is producing cold pressed vegetable & fruit juice and our juice bar is the first in Mongolia. We work with the local greenhouses which are really sophisticated operations. Mongolia is not fruit growing country, so we import all the fruit from Europe through Russia. We strongly believe that our business is important to Mongolians. Our products are full of nutrients and valuable minerals and vitamins. In the long run, regular use of our products can prevent many diseases so it's really important. I think our stories are becoming more popular because we do the right thing.


Young Mongols: Food in Mongolia - PDF
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Young Mongols: Food in Mongolia - MP3
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  • venturing: (v) to go forward in spite of risks
  • staple: (n) a food that is considered very important and used often
  • cuisine: a style of cooking
  • scene: a particular activity or way of life and the people who are part of it
  • embrace: very accepting an idea, a proposal, a set of beliefs
  • evolves: to develop, change, or improve by steps
  • ingredients: parts added to something, like in cooking
  • consistent: having a regular style or pattern; not changing
  • vendor: person whose business is selling something
  • figuring out: (phrasal verb) to think about somebody/something until you understand them/it
  • supply: an amount of something available for use
  • traceable: to follow the history of
  • slaughtered: the killing of animals for their meat
  • humane: showing kindness towards animals by making sure that they do not suffer
  • standards: a measured level of quality that people think is acceptable
  • dent: (slang) to make a very small change in something very large
  • light bulb goes off: (idiom) suddenly understand something or have a great idea
  • scale: the size or extent of something
  • demand: the desire for goods or services
  • drive: to influence something or cause it to make progress
  • greenhouses: a building used to grow plants all year long
  • sophisticated: complicated in the way that it works
  • operations: a set of activities that make up the running of a business
  • nutrients: something in food that helps people, animals, and plants live and grow

Reference:, Oxford Learner's Dictionaries

  • venturing: (үйл үг) эрсдлийг үл харгалзан урагшлуулах
  • staple: (нэр томъёо) маш чухал гэж үздэг, ихэвчлэн хэрэглэдэг хоол хүнс
  • cuisine: хоол хийх стиль
  • scene: тодорхой үйл ажиллагаа, амьдралын хэв маяг, түүнчлэн тэдгээрийн нэг хэсэг юм
  • embrace: санаа, санал, итгэл үнэмшлийн багцыг маш их хүлээн зөвшөөрдөг
  • evolves: алхам алхмаар хөгжүүлэх, өөрчлөх эсвэл сайжруулах
  • ingredients: эд зүйлсийг хоол хийхтэй адил зүйл дээр нэмсэн
  • consistent: хэв маяг, загвартай байх; өөрчлөгдөхгүй
  • vendor: Ямар нэгэн зүйл зарж байгаа хүн
  • figuring out: (phrasal verb) өөр нэг зүйлийг / үүнийг ойлгох хүртэл нь бодож үзэх хэрэгтэй
  • supply: ашиглахад бэлэн байгаа зүйлийн хэмжээ
  • traceable: түүхийг дагах
  • slaughtered: Махны амьтдыг алж устгах
  • humane: Амьдралдаа эелдэг хандаж байгаа нь тэднийг зовохгүй байхыг анхаарч үзээрэй
  • standards: Хүмүүсийн хүлээн зөвшөөрсөн хэмжигдэхүйц чанарын түвшин
  • dent: (этгээд хэл) маш том хэмжээний маш бага өөрчлөлтийг хийдэг
  • light bulb goes off: (хэлц үг) гэнэт ямар нэг зүйлийг ойлгож, эсвэл сайн санаатай байдаг
  • scale: ямар нэг хэмжээгээр хэмжээ эсвэл хэмжээ
  • demand: бараа, үйлчилгээний хүсэл
  • drive: аливаа зүйлийг нөлөөлөх, эсвэл ахиц дэвшил гаргахад хүргэдэг
  • greenhouses: Жил бүр ургамал ургуулах зориулалттай барилга
  • sophisticated: Энэ нь ажиллахад төвөгтэй байдаг
  • operations: бизнесийн үйл ажиллагааг бүрдүүлэх цогц үйл ажиллагаа
  • nutrients: Хүмүүс, амьтан, ургамалд тусалдаг хүнсний зүйл нь амьдардаг, ургадаг


  • venturing: (глагол), чтобы идти вперед, несмотря на риски
  • staple: (существительное) пища, которая считается очень важной и часто используется
  • cuisine: стиль приготовления пищи
  • scene: конкретная деятельность или образ жизни и люди, которые являются ее частью
  • embrace: очень принимая идею, предложение, набор убеждений
  • evolves: разрабатывать, изменять или улучшать с помощью шагов
  • ingredients: части, добавленные к чему-то, например, в кулинарии
  • consistent: с обычным стилем или рисунком; не меняется
  • vendor: человек, чей бизнес продает что-то
  • figuring out: (фразовый глагол), чтобы думать о чём-то / что-то, пока вы их не поймете / это
  • supply: количество доступного для использования
  • traceable: следить за историей
  • slaughtered: убийство животных для их мяса
  • humane: проявляя доброту к животным, убедившись, что они не страдают
  • standards: измеренный уровень качества, который, по мнению людей, является приемлемым
  • dent: (сленг), чтобы сделать очень небольшое изменение в чем-то очень большом
  • light bulb goes off: (идиома) вдруг что-то понимают или имеют отличную идею
  • scale: размер или степень чего-то
  • demand: желание товаров или услуг
  • drive: влиять на что-то или заставлять его добиваться прогресса
  • greenhouses: здание, используемое для выращивания растений круглый год
  • sophisticated: сложный в том, как он работает
  • operations: набор видов деятельности, которые составляют управление бизнесом
  • nutrients: что-то в пищу, которое помогает людям, животным и растениям жить и расти


  • venturing: (етістік) тәуекелдерге қарамастан алға қарай жүру
  • staple: (зат) өте маңызды деп саналатын және жиі пайдаланылатын тағам
  • cuisine: тағам дайындау стилі
  • scene: белгілі бір қызмет немесе өмір салты және оның бөлігі болып табылатын адамдар
  • embrace: идеяны, ұсынысты, нанымдардың жиынтығын өте қабылдайды
  • evolves: қадамдармен дамыту, өзгерту немесе жетілдіру
  • ingredients: Бөлшектер пісіруге ұқсас нәрсеге қосылды
  • consistent: тұрақты стилі немесе үлгісі бар; өзгермейді
  • vendor: бизнеспен айналысатын адам
  • figuring out: (фразалық етістік) біреуді / бір нәрсені ойлап, оны түсінгенше ойлан
  • supply: пайдалану үшін қол жетімді нәрсе
  • traceable: тарихын ұстану
  • slaughtered: жануарлардың етіне өлтірілуі
  • humane: жануарларға мейірімділік танытып, олардың зардап шекпейтініне көз жеткізіңіз
  • standards: адамдар санайтын сапалы деңгей
  • dent: (сленгті) өте үлкен өзгеріс жасау үшін
  • light bulb goes off: (идиом) кенеттен нәрсе түсінеді немесе жақсы идеясы бар
  • scale: бір нәрсенің өлшемі немесе дәрежесі
  • demand: тауарларға немесе қызметтерге деген ұмтылыс
  • drive: бір нәрсеге әсер ету немесе оның прогреске қол жеткізуі
  • greenhouses: Жыл бойы өсімдіктер өсіретін ғимарат
  • sophisticated: ол жұмыс істейтін жолда күрделі
  • operations: бизнесті жүргізуді қамтамасыз ететін іс-шаралар жиынтығы
  • nutrients: Адамдарға, жануарларға және өсімдіктерге көмектесетін тағамның бір түрі бар және өседі


  • venturing: ก้าวไปข้างหน้าทั้งๆที่มีความเสี่ยง
  • staple: อาหารที่ถือว่าสำคัญมากและใช้บ่อยๆ
  • cuisine: สไตล์ของการทำอาหาร
  • scene: กิจกรรมเฉพาะหรือวิถีชีวิตและคนที่เป็นส่วนหนึ่งของมัน
  • embrace: ยอมรับแนวคิดข้อเสนอชุดของความเชื่อ
  • evolves: เพื่อพัฒนาเปลี่ยนแปลงหรือปรับปรุงตามขั้นตอน
  • ingredients: ชิ้นส่วนเพิ่มบางอย่างเช่นในการปรุงอาหาร
  • consistent: มีรูปแบบหรือรูปแบบปกติ ไม่เปลี่ยนแปลง
  • vendor: บุคคลที่ธุรกิจขายสินค้าบางอย่าง
  • figuring out: เพื่อคิดถึงคน / บางสิ่งบางอย่างจนกว่าคุณจะเข้าใจพวกเขา / มัน
  • supply: ปริมาณของสิ่งที่พร้อมใช้งาน
  • traceable: เพื่อติดตามประวัติของ
  • slaughtered: การฆ่าสัตว์สำหรับเนื้อของพวกเขา
  • humane: แสดงความเมตตาต่อสัตว์โดยการทำให้แน่ใจว่าพวกเขาไม่ประสบ
  • standards: วัดระดับคุณภาพที่ผู้คนคิดว่ายอมรับได้
  • dent: (แสลง) เพื่อให้มีการเปลี่ยนแปลงเล็ก ๆ น้อย ๆ ในบางสิ่งบางอย่างที่มีขนาดใหญ่มาก
  • light bulb goes off: (สำนวน) เข้าใจอะไรบางอย่างหรือมีความคิดที่ด
  • scale: ขนาดหรือขอบเขตของบางสิ่งบางอย่าง
  • demand: ความต้องการสินค้าหรือบริการ
  • drive: มีอิทธิพลต่อบางสิ่งบางอย่างหรือทำให้เกิดความคืบหน้า
  • greenhouses: อาคารเคยปลูกพืชมาตลอดทั้งปี
  • sophisticated: ซับซ้อนในทางที่ทำงาน
  • operations: ชุดของกิจกรรมที่ทำขึ้นเพื่อการทำงานของธุรกิจ
  • nutrients: บางอย่างในอาหารที่ช่วยให้คนสัตว์และพืชอาศัยและเติบโต