Welcome to Anatomy and Physiology for Non-native English Speakers. This online textbook was created to help non-native English healthcare professionals, like doctors, nurses and dentists, to improve their medical English.

The source for the materials is a textbook called "Etext of Human Anatomy and Physiology" by Dr. Bruce Forciea which was licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (2012). The material and grammar has been made easier but still helps the viewer learn new medical English terms in the context of medical information.

How to Use these Lessons

In every lesson, you will see words 'highlighted' like this word. If you click the word, then your device will say the word or phrase. Go ahead and try it!

At the end of every lesson, you will also find a Glossary of the new words from the lesson, complete with definition and if you click the 'play' button next to the word, you can hear the word out loud. The other tabs give the English-to-Mongolian, English-to-Russian, English-to-Kazakh, and English-to-Thai translations.


We try to bridge the gap between the medical knowledge doctors and nurses already have with the English they need to know better.

Our goal is to help doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals who want to improve their medical English by using online textbooks, medical terminology lessons, and doctor-patient conversations.

About Resources

Anatomy and Physiology for Non-Native English Speakers is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY) license, which means that you can distribute, remix, and build upon the content, as long as you provide attribution to OpenStax and its content contributors.

About the Author

Jim Damico is an EFL (English as a Foreign Language) Instructor who has taught in Mongolia and Thailand. His main English website is Jim Damico is a trained Physical Therapist Assistant and worked in an acute-care hospital for over 10 years where his specialty was wound care and prosthetics. His first educational position was teaching adult English in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. He would go on to join the US Peace Corps as an EFL Teacher Trainer in Thailand. Later, he rejoined the Peace Corps as a TEFL Teacher Trainer in Dalanzadgad, Omnogovi where he worked in the Education & Cultural Department.

It was his first work in Ulaanbaatar that exposed him to the need for English courses for Mongolian medical students. And he dedicates this book to those students.


Welcome to Anatomy and Physiology for Non-Native English Speakers! I sincerely hope you find this site helpful in your study of medical English. The aim of this site is to help you learn "medical" English in a familiar context, your previous studies of Anatomy and Physiology in medical school. Interested readers will include all healthcare professionals such as doctors, surgeons, nurses, therapists.

This website includes English audio (to improve listening and pronunciation), translations (including Mongolian, Russian, Kazakh, and Thai) and links to help readers along.

This material is licensed under the creative commons license. This means that instructors are free to share, copy, modify and distribute. The only requirement is to cite the author.

I hope you enjoy this text as much as I’ve enjoyed developing it.


Jim Damico

To Other Instructors and Users

You are free to use all or portions of this text as well as modify it for your needs. You can add or take away what you need, create handouts for your classes and post this information online. All of the images are licensed under various Creative Commons licenses so there may be some restrictions. You will need to check each license by clicking on the hyperlink which accompanies it. The images were selected primarily from Wikimedia Commons and some were modified or produced by Dr. Bruce Forciea.